Recursive updating the eigenvalue decomposition of a covariance matrix 9 when does carbon 14 dating become impractical


GIS: Introduction, Coordinate systems and datum Projection systems; Spatial data models and data structures; Attribute data input and management; Data editing, exploration and analysis; Digital terrain analysis using DEM data, Path analysis, network applications and watershed analysis. Surveying using Total Station and data interpretation 2. Analyzing the effect of different projections on the map data Introduction: Properties of concrete and reinforcing steel, design philosophies, limit state, ultimate load method, working stress method; Loads and load combinations; Elements of Masonry design; Limit state method: Design of Beams: Singly reinforced, doubly reinforced, rectangular, T and L beams; Design of Slabs: One way, two way, waffle slabs; Design of Columns: Subjected to concentric and eccentric axial loading; Design of footings: Individual and combined footing; elements of foundation design; Standard and ductile detailing.Surveying using Kinematic GPS and data interpretation 3. Design of tension members; Design of beams; Design of compression members; Analysis of eccentrically loaded columns; Design of beam-columns; Design of connections (riveted, bolted and welded); Single and built-up sections.Open Channel Flow: Uniform flow, Critical flow, Gradually varied flow (GVF), Computations in GVF, Sediment transport, Design of canals, Hydraulic jump, Flow past sharp- and broad-crested weirs, Design of spillways, Flood routing, Dam-break flow, Hydraulic design of bridges Pipe Flow: Head losses in pipes, Pipe network analysis, Transients in pipes, Detection of leak and partial blockage Flow measurements and laboratory scale modeling Earthquakes: structure of earth, movement of plates, types of faults, P wave, S wave, surface waves, characterization of earthquakes and earthquake-induced ground motion; response spectra for individual ground motion records, site-specific response spectra, design spectra; single-degree-of-freedom systems; multi-degree-of-freedom systems; analysis, design and detailing of RC frames based on state-of-the-art and various codes IS 456, IS 1893 & IS 13920; Special topics: selection and scaling of ground motions, characterization of seismic hazard, seismic analysis and design of bridges, retaining walls, liquid-storage tanks, dams etc., design of non-structural components, passive structural control Stability of slopes, stability analysis, seismic analysis, probabilistic analysis, design of earth embankments and dams; Earth pressure theories; Earth retaining structures: rigid and flexible, Braced excavation; Reinforced earth structures; Buried structures, Case studies.Transients in pipe flows: Causes of transients; Governing equations; Method of characteristics, Transients caused by centrifugal pumps, Hydraulic transients in long oil pipelines, Resonance in pressurized piping system, Methods to control transients, surge tanks.Teams of students will act as separate ‘consulting agencies’ and will carry out complete planning, analysis, design and construction planning for these components.The teams will be required to merge their designs of individual components of the entire project towards the end and present a consolidated plan, design and construction plan of the entire project.

Historical background, Types, Manufacturing Methods, Functions, Typical Applications; Geosynthetic Testing, Physical, Mechanical, Construction survivability and durability testing of Geotextiles and Geogrids; Principles of Soil Reinforcement, Types of Reinforcement, Testing, Allowable loads for design (creep etc.), Elements of Design NCMA Method, Fill Material, Detailed Design of Reinforced Soil Walls (BS 8006), Reinforced Slopes (BS 8006), Facia and Construction Methodology, Specifications, Bearing capacity Improvement, Embankments on soft soils, Basal Reinforcement – Design, Geocell – Design, Construction and Specification, IRC/MORTH Guidelines, Case Histories; Filteration and Drainage, Principles, Typical applications, Dams, French Drains, Testing, Design Principles, Specifications; Pavements and Airports; Influence of cyclic loading, Design for soft soils (unpaved) and new construction – Granular layers, GS in Bituminous Pavements – new construction and rehabilitation, Construction and specifications, Rural Road applications, Railway Tracks, Indian experiences; Natural fibre Materials, Jute and Coir Geotextiles - Products, Processes; Environmental Control, Erosion Control, Mechanics of Erosion, Methods of Control, Products, Design for various conditions, Silt Control, Land slides – Occurrence and methods of mitigation, Liners for Pounds and Canals; Engineered Landfills, Municipal Solid Waste, Hazardous Waste Landfills, Site location –MOEF Guidelines, Covers and liners, GCLs, Material aspects and, Design, construction and maintenance, the Indian Scenario Review of Elementary Structural Analysis, Static indeterminacy, Indeterminate system, Truss analysis, Energy Method, Slope-Deflection Method, Analysis of Portal Frames; Matrix method of Structural Analysis, Structural analysis using stiffness matrix and flexibility matrix, and Direct stiffness method; Conceptual Transition from Direct Stiffness Method to Finite Element method, Truss and frame elements, Shape functions, Properties of stiffness matrix, Discretization; Introduction to Nonlinear Analysis, Introduction of geometric and material nonlinearities, P-delta effect, Moment-Curvature relation, Moment – Rotation relation, P-M-M interaction; Special topics: Nonlinear Analysis of structures, 2D Frame analysis with geometric nonlinearity, 2D Frame analysis with material nonlinearity, 2D Frame analysis with both geometric and material nonlinearities.

Basic structural behavior and design of low-rise bearing wall buildings; Basic material properties; Strength design of unreinforced masonry elements; Allowable stress design of unreinforced masonry elements; Introduction to reinforced masonry; Introduction to confined masonry.

Survey camp of 7-10 days: Total station survey, Geological survey, Creating survey map of the area including information about geological features at the site.

Research methods: Null Hypothesis formulation & testing, dependent & independent variables, qualitative, quantitative and categorical data, measurement scales, descriptive and inferential statistics (measures of central tendency, significance testing, ANOVA, repeated measures, posthoc testing, correlations, chi-square tests); Experimental design:single subject, between-group and within-group designs, randomization, factorial, parametric, subtractive, conjunction type designs; Research Tools: Review of basic mathematics, experimental psychology software (psychtoolbox, eprimeetc), Statistics using PSPP/Matlab/R; Research ethics and scientific writing with reference to APA guidelines.

Mechanistic/algorithmic approaches and issues addressed by these approaches: parallel versus serial processing, flow of information, timing effects.

Review of performance-based design concepts, LRFD cold design of RCC and steel structures; codified models for fire, standard and natural fire; material behavior of steel and concrete constituents in fire; estimation of time-temperature curves for structural members in different fire and exposure/ventilation scenarios; design considerations for individual members exposed to fire: structural members in tension, compression, bending; provisions in Eurocodes and IS 456, 800, 1641, 16 to ensure fire safety; fire proofing materials used to enhance fire resistance of structural members; behavior of structural systems under fire; preventive/protective systems for structures.

You must have an account to comment. Please register or login here!